Selasa, 13 Desember 2016

figure ( tokoh terkenal )

Hello everyone my name is William Stanley and  I'll tell you all about a character of united states of named  Harry S. Truman .  Harry S. Truman (also Harry S Truman) [b] (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American politician who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53). He served as a United States Senator from Missouri (1935–45) and briefly as Vice President (1945) before he succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945 upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was president during the final months of World War II, and approved the plan to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Truman was elected in his own right in 1948. He presided over an uncertain domestic scene as America sought its path after the war and tensions with the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War.
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, and spent most of his youth on his family's 600-acre farm near Independence. In the last months of World War I, he served in combat in France as an artillery officer with his National Guard unit. After the war, he briefly owned a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri, and joined the Democratic Party and the political machine of Tom Pendergast. Truman was first elected to public office as a county official in 1922, and then as a U.S. Senator in 1934. He gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee, formed in March 1941, which exposed waste, fraud, and corruption in Federal Government wartime contracts.
Germany surrendered on Truman's birthday, just a few weeks after he assumed the presidency, but the war with Imperial Japan raged on and was expected to last at least another year. Truman approved the use of atomic weaponry to end the fighting and to spare the tens of thousands of American lives that would inevitably be lost in the planned invasion of Japan and Japanese held islands in the Pacific. Although this decision remains debated to this day, it is one of the principal factors that forced Japan's immediate and unconditional surrender.[3]
Truman's presidency was a turning point in foreign affairs, as the United States engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. Truman helped found the United Nation in 1945, issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 to contain Communism, and got the $13 billion Marshall Plan enacted to rebuild Western Europe. The Soviet Union, a wartime ally, became a peacetime enemy in the Cold War. Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949. He was unable to stop Communists from taking over China. When communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he sent U.S. troops and gained UN approval for the Korean War.[4] After initial successes in Korea, however, the UN forces were thrown back by Chinese intervention, and the conflict was stalemated throughout the final years of Truman's presidency.
On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman often faced opposition from a conservative Congress dominated by the Southern legislators, but his administration was able to successfully guide the American economy through the post-war economic challenges. Truman maintained that civil rights were a moral priority, and in 1948 submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation and issued Executive Orders to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies. Allegations were raised of corruption in the Truman administration, linked to certain cabinet members and senior White House staff, and this became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election and may have contributed to Adlai Stevenson's (Truman's successor as Democratic nominee) loss to Republican nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower. Popular and scholarly assessments of Truman's presidency initially were unfavorable but became more positive over time following his retirement from politics. Truman's 1948 election upset to win a full term as president has often been invoked by later 'underdog' presidential candidates.
So that my story of mr Harry S. Truman and thanks for your attention.

My Extracurricular

                High schools 3 bandung country there is a very interesting extracurricular activity for me, namely environmental activities three (Algae). These extracurricular activities to learn about the environment around secondary schools on 3 country duo.
               These activities include observation of the problems going on around the environment, discusses why these problems occur and how to take action to address these problems. one example of which is the problem of the lack of land to reforest the school environment.
                   We learn what things are causing a lack of reforestation area in the school which turns used for the development of classroom learning. To overcome the shortage of land in the school is using hydroponic cultivation techniques with top-floor system. besides saving land, this system also saves water and energy because this system uses water diverted automatically by a small pump. System does not require complex maintenance, requiring no soil media did not even require fertilizer.We also began to study and observe the types of plants that can be in any kembangka this way. we hope to find other types of plants that can be grown hydroponically in addition to the type of plants that are grown hydroponically long can such kind of vegetable plants.
                    Besides other activities of algae that are discussed on the breeding and rearing animals such as rabbits, sugar gliders and a marmot, How to raise and how to train the birds kind of hooked beak like a love bird. How to cope with the proliferation of wild animals such as cats school environment. We also learn how to maintain the animals in penangkran that resemble their natural habitat.Lots of knowledge I can since I joined into this algae. I really enjoyed being a member of algae because I truly love nature, animals and plants and how to preserve it. 

Selasa, 25 Oktober 2016

Flora & Fauna

The White Cockatoo

The white cockatoo (Cacatua alba), also known as the umbrella cockatoo, is a medium-sized all-white cockatoo endemic to tropical rainforest on islands of Indonesia. When surprised, it extends a large and striking head crest, which has a semicircular shape (similar to an umbrella, hence the alternative name). The undersides of the wings and tail have a pale yellow or lemon color which flashes when they fly. It is similar to other species of white cockatoo such as yellow-crested cockatoo, sulphur-crested cockatoo, and salmon-crested cockatoo, all of which have yellow, orange or pink crest feathers instead of white.
It kingdom is Animalia, phylum is Chordata, class is Aves, order is Psittaciformes, superfamily is cacatuoidea, family is Cacatuidae, subfamily is Cacatuinae, tribe is Cacatuini, genus is Cacatua, subgenus is Cacatua, species is C. alba.
The white cockatoo was first described in 1776 by German zoologist Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller. Its species name alba is a feminine form of the Latin adjective albus for "white". It lies in the subgenus Cacatua within the genus Cacatua. The term "white cockatoo" has also been applied as a group term to members of the subgenus Cacatua, the genus Cacatua as well as larger groups including Major Mitchell's cockatoo and the galah cockatoo.
While psittaciform parrots and cockatoos have many common anatomical attributes like zygodactyl feet and hooked bills, the cockatoos and parrots diverged from the ancestral parrots as separate lineages as early as 45 MYA (fossil record) or 66 MYA (molecular analysis) (Wright 2008) during the period when Australia, South America and Antarctica were breaking away from the super-continent Gondwanaland where the ancestral parrots were believed to have evolved.
Though historically they (white cockatoos as well as related species) have been referred to as "white parrots", taxonomically they are not considered to be true parrots.


Cacatua alba -Pairi Daiza, Hainaut, Belgium-8a.jpgThe white cockatoo is around 46 cm (18 in) long, and weighs about 400 g (14 oz) for small females and up to 800 g (28 oz) for big males. The male white cockatoo usually has a broader head and a bigger beak than the female. They have brown or black eyes and a dark grey beak. When mature some female white cockatoos can have reddish/brown irises , while the irises of the adult male are dark brown or black and that color can not change except disease


The feathers of the white cockatoo are mostly white. However, both upper and lower surfaces of the inner half of the trailing edge of the large wing feathers are a yellow color. The yellow color on the underside of the wings is most notable because the yellow portion of the upper surface of the feather is covered by the white of the feather immediately medial (nearer to the body) and above.

Image result for habitat kakatua putihof Halmahera, Bacan, Ternate, Tidore, Kasiruta and Mandioli (Bacan group) in North Maluku, Indonesia. Records from Obi and Bisa (Obi group) are thought to be introductions. It occurs in primary, logged, and secondary forests below 900m. It also occurs in mangroves, plantations including coconut and agricultural land. In the wild, white cockatoos feed on berries, seeds, nuts, fruit and roots. When nesting, they include insects and insect larvae. In their natural habitat, umbrella cockatoos typically feed on various seeds, nuts and fruits, such as papaya, langsat, and rambutan.

Like all cockatoos, the white cockatoo nests in hollows of large trees. Its eggs are white and there are usually two in a clutch. During the incubation period – about 28 days – both the female and male incubate the eggs. The larger chick becomes dominant over the smaller chick and takes more of the food. The chicks leave the nest about 84 days after hatching and are independent in 15–18 weeks. Juveniles reach sexual maturity in 3–4 years.
Seeing the pace of arrests and trade as well have been a loss of white cockatoo in some areas in Halmahera, it is time the bird was designated as a protected species. Moreover, these birds also includes species endemic to North Maluku.


According to Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999 (Article 5), a species must be classified in the class are protected when it has the following criteria;
            -Mempuyai small population
            - steep decline in the number of individuals in the wild.
            -Limited distribution area (endemic).
 

Thus the white cockatoo actually met the criteria for inclusion in the list of protected species


Question :
  1. The feathers of the white cockatoo are mostly white. However, both upper and lower surfaces of the inner half of the trailing edge of the large wing feathers color?
                            A. Chorme    B. Lavender   C.Maroon    D. White    E.Orange

  2. Where the white cockatoo usually nests?
    A.  in above of large trees
    B.  on the top of highest mountain
    C. in hollows of large tree
    D.  under shrubs
    E.  between hollows of two giant tree
  3.What another name in latin for White cockatoo ?
      A. Cacatua alba
      B. Cacatua alvaris
      C.Cacatua albuse
      D.Paradise cacatuini
      E.Alba sororis
  4.  Look at the picture below!
          See from the pictures , what things that can be found?
Cacatua alba -Pairi Daiza, Hainaut, Belgium-8a.jpgA.seen from the shape of its beak, this animals including meat eaters
B.Species endemic to  Maluku province
C.This bird is an animal type Neotropics
D.This bird is a species of fauna australis
E. the white cockatoo actually recorded  in the list of protected species


  
5. What the meaning of Endemik Indonesia ?
   A. unique animal of  Indonesia
   B.included in the fauna Australis
   C.endangered animal in Indonesia
   D.only found in Indonesia
   E. scattered in Indonesia
for question number 6 to 10 answer True or False
 
  6. When mature some female white cockatoos can have reddish orange irises but in old age the colors fade and become dark irises.
                                           A. True                                                 B. False 

 7.  In their natural habitat, umbrella cockatoos typically feed on various seeds, nuts and grapefruits, such as papaya, langsat, and rambutan.
                                          A.True                                                 B.False

 8.During the incubation period  about 1,8 x 10-5 Second  both the female and male incubate the eggs
                                           A.True                                                B.False

9. Male bird have brown and female bird black eyes and both them have a dark grey beak
                                         A.True                                                 B.False 

10. the species name alba is a gentle form of the Latin adjective albus for "white"
                                         A.True                                                 B. False


source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_cockatoo
https://lafeber.com/pet-birds/species/umbrella-cockatoo/
http://www.mongabay.co.id/2015/05/22/kakatua-paruh-bengkok-sejuta-pesona-yang-merana/

Minggu, 16 Oktober 2016

Megantara



 MEGANTARA       

In September 2016, at SMAN 3 Bandung held cultural festival archipelago "Megantara". In this event featured a variety of regional culture in Indonesia. Various regional dances, typical traditional foods, and traditional clothing  of all provinces in Indonesia. The event was attended by all citizens of Bandung, ranging from students, college students, housewives, or anyone who wants to participate in the cultural festival of the archipelago.

            I am very happy to be able to enjoy this Megantara event, although I do not participate as one of the participants of the event. I am very happy to be able to watch different dances and a fashion show of traditional areas, because then I realized how rich traditional culture of Indonesia. And I am very proud that my friends in SMAN 3 Bandung participated in a fashion show of traditional Indonesian.

            Traditional foods are displayed also so varied and tasty, although there are also non Indonesian food stand. I love the traditional Indonesian food like gudeg Yogya, pempek Palembang, satay Madura, and batagor Bandung which are very tasty. Me and my friends are very happy to be able to enjoy traditional cuisine at this event while watching various fashion show and dance.

            This cultural festival organized regularly by SMAN 3 Bandung. I am very proud to be part of SMAN 3 Bandung  bacause  every events which held by SMAN 3 Bandung has always been a great event and was followed by various segments of society Bandung. Even Mayor Bandung are also alumni of SMAN 3 Bandung present in this Megantara. SMAN 3 Bandung truly remarkable.